In the middle of the 18th century a race between Mr. O’Callaghan and Mr. Blake began. The starting and finishing points were the steeples, beginning from the church at Buttevant to the church of Doneraile. They raced, jumping walls and fences, across farms and fields, thus the first steeplechase was officially recorded. Today some of the most popular steeplechases take places at the Galway Races. Hundreds and hundreds of fans gather every day to bet on their favorite horses. This event is held each year at the same period and it lasts a week.
The Irish National Stud was established to promote the Irish thoroughbred industry by providing breeders with good stallions at reasonable price. According to the first English Stud Book the thoroughbred breeding dates from 1793 when three Arabian stallions were crossbred with royal mares. All Thoroughbred on Earth are descending from them. The sires are selected by the breeders on the basis of bloodlines, the confirmation and appearance, as well as the number of races they have won. Ireland is well known for the climate and the soil for breeding horses, thanks to the tremendous closeness and understanding of the horses.
Determining when the mares are ready for covering is one of the main farm duties, which also includes carefully monitoring every step of the procedure. The breeding process of these delicate animals is of immense value. Around 18 days after the covering a veterinarian visits the mare and makes a sonogram, which can tell if there is a live fetus. And then after 11 months a beautiful little foal will be born.
If your dream is to have horse, but it feels like it is impossible, just keep on dreaming and wish hard for your dream to come true. Who knows maybe one day your wish will come true. Working with horses can make you happy, so let’s read how tack up one.
In order to tack up a horse you will need a bridal, a saddle, girth and a saddle pad. First you must brush the horse off to clean off the dirt. Next you need to get out the tack, so you know what you are going to use and be organized. The saddle pad is cushions the saddle against the horse so the horse will not rub or hurt with the saddle.
The bridal goes on the horses face and in the mouth with a metal piece called horse bit. It can help control the horse a little easier. Once you have brushed off the horse you can begin tacking up the horse.
First get the saddle pad and place it on the horses back. Make sure that the front part of the saddle pad is touching the back of the withers. Then you can take up the saddle and place it on its back. This can be a real challenge, because the saddle is little heavy. Then pick up the girth and if you lift open the flap of the saddle you will see the leather strips with holes inside them. There are buckles on the girth that you going to have to slip on and fasten onto to strips.
Now that you have one side secure you have one other to the other side so take the girth from under the horses stomach and fasten it to the other side. Make sure it is good and tight so the saddle would not slip while you ride.
Begin with the bridal. Take the halter off. Fasten the reins over the head of the horse so he cannot walk away. Stick the bit in his mouth and get the bridal on. Put the finger in his mouth just to make him open it. Push the bit in and slide the top part of his ears. Then tie the nose band which goes on his nose and fasten the buckle on the bottom. The throat latch goes around the neck.
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And there you go! You are now ready to ride, but don’t forget to wear your helmet and the chaps. We hope these tips have helped you to tack up a horse. Remember horseback riding is fun but it can be tricky too.
Whenever you see Dora she will say hello to you. And not only in English, but in Spanish too. So, Hello, Ola friends! Let’s go, Vamonos! In the following text we will tell you some interesting fun facts about your favorite cartoon fiction character that you may already known or may not know about. Her full name is actually Dora Marquez.
Dora is adorable little Latino girl that teaches Americans Spanish and Latino people English. She is so young and heroic, traveling with her friend Boots in every episode, exploring and discovering new things every time. That is exactly why everyone calls her Dora the Explorer. Dora loves helping others and often she requires help from the young audience, which makes the series quite interesting and interactive. Young viewers participate in the show and give her answers, standing in front the TV. This makes them feel important in bringing decisions and teaches them valuable lessons, which is priceless.
Beside her best friend Boots, a monkey with big Boots, Dora has many other friends. One of her friends is King Unicornio, the king of the Enchanted Forest. He is a unicorn with white coat color and light blue mane and tail. When Unicornio becomes a king he wears a gold crown and at the end of the episode he wears a red mantle.
Dora has been voiced by three actresses. Kathleen Herles was the first voice actress from the 1st season to the 4th when she was replaced by Caitlin Sanchez, voicing Dora through season 5 and 6, while for the 7 and 8 Caitlin was replaced with Fatima Ptacek. However, we always enjoy watching Dora the Explorer and playing her games free online.
At times the Pryor Mountains seem heaven on Earth for horses. Even though much of the terrain is arid and there are harsh winters, pastures in summer are glorious. Horses enjoy the summer, but they have few predators to be afraid of. Most of them were eliminated by ranching and land development. With high fertility rates, the number of the horses can increase by 10-20 percent a year. That in fact means trouble in paradise.
In the last three decades the Bureau of Land Management has removed over 100,000 wild horses from the range. The round ups are intended to protect the public lands from overgrazing and ensure the health of the herds. Excess were placed in adoption programs, but supply exceeds public demands.
Horses considered unadoptable will live their days in holding pens. Even now the destiny of the wild horses in America remains an open-ended question.
Not even 4,000 years of domestication have helped to take away the wild instincts of the wild horses. Their natural impulse is to run away from humans. There are people that are not trying to break, but to start a wild or a green horse. It is a whole process in which the trainer is taking step by step, first to get close to the horse and touches him to the final step when he rides the wild horse. Meanwhile he tests the saddle and he will give the young stallion the well-earned rest.
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Being a prey animal is not easy at all. The predators have a huge advantage if he can get above the prey animal and stay with him. Then the predator can have himself a meal. There is a new way to work with a horse, which in fact has been around as long as there have been horses and men interacting with one another. Pretty special animal – the horse!
The horse will give you his all. Speed, endurance power… yet his wild spirit burns bright. A horse is a sparkle of ancient myth, it is a pride of king and conqueror. The horse was the spine the civilizations and even now he lays claim to the heart with all the bold beauty. The summer sets off fireworks in the mountains of southern Montana. Driven be the hunger and the heat, wild horses join the cool green heights and flashes begin to fly.
Stallions begin their fight and thus they court young mares in a drama that is old as the hills themselves. Some say that the Mustangs have become a symbol of the Wild West. However, by others these beautiful creatures are newcomers to these parts, even a trespasser. In fact, the truth is twisted in the long and winding history. It all began around 60 million years ago in the forests of North America when a creature, a size of a fox, walked on padded toes. In time the forest gave way to the grassy plains. The legs grew long and the toes became nimble hooves. The body was simply built for speed.
About million years ago the first true horses spread across land bridges to Asia and Europe. Their number increased, but as the time passes this number has slowly declined, probably due to the climate changes or the impact of the two legged predators. By 8000 years ago horses were instinct in the Americas. Then 4000 later, somewhere in the steppes of Eurasia, someone was inspired by the horses and saw them more than just a meal.
The horses changed our senses of distance and speed. They carried us forward in space and time, making our worlds smaller than we were used to live in. Even though today a lot has been changed, on the steppes of Mongolia just a little has changed since the time when horses became a way of life. Nomads still measure their wealth in livestock. Small but hardy, Mongolian horses endure a harsh climate and grow a thick winter coat. When pasture is insufficient they still can survive on very little. Beside horses, Mongolian people also hold sheep, cows and goats, but the horses are definitely their pride.
If you like horses then you must love the Arabian. There are so many horse breeds out there and each one of them is beautiful in its own way. However, we have all heard about the Arabian horse, which are known for their exceptional beauty and as one of the most popular horses in the world. People from the Middle East domesticated these horses by 1500 B.C. Today you can find the Arabian horses all around the world. What make this breed so special are their speed, endurance, strong bone and refinement. This is also exactly why the Arabian horse has been crossed with so many other horse breeds.
The Arabian horses can be easily recognized due to their physical characteristics. The head is refined distinctive with a broad forehead, small muzzle and large nostrils and eyes. The neck is well-set, the level croup is long and they carry their tale high. The bones of the Arabian horses are solid strong and dense, their body is compact with a short back, well-angled and they have a well-back shoulder. Some Arabian horses have more powerful hindquarters, while others a longer and leaner muscling. The first ones are great in intense bursts of activities, while the others are good for endurance riding and racing.
The height of the Arabian horses can vary from 14.1 to 15.1 hands and they weigh around 800 to 1000 pounds. This makes them relatively small horse. The coat color of the Arabian horses can come in gray, chestnut, roan, brown, bay and black. Appaloosa spotting and pinto coloring are not accepted in the breed, while sabino is a pure Arabian horse that has only one spotting pattern. Despite the coat color, the skin color is always black, which protects them from the hot weather in the deserts.
The majority of the Arabian horses are used in equestrian distance competitions, as well for hunting, dressage, horse jumping and as work animals. Many Arabian horses are used in therapeutic riding and many others are famous mascots in soccer teams. The Arabian horses have been developed a good natural temperament, they are willing to please and quick learners. Although know as hot-blooded, the Arabian horses are good around children and in all show rings. On the other hand, they can easily learn a bad habit, especially if they are trained with abuse training practice, which will show no results at all. Only individuals that are treated with respect and love are passionate horses.
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You must love these intelligent, sensitive and romantic horses. The Arabian horse is a true bless for everyone who owns at least one of these beauties.
Do you think that drawing a horse is too hard? Well, you are probably right (of course except if you are a professional artist, an expert or if you have at least basic knowledge about artwork). However, you really do not need to be all that if you want to draw a cute simple horse. We can all be artistic, only if we have a little bit imagination.
Lets bring out your artistic side and see what happens. All that you will need is paper, pencil and remember to bring up your good mood. Through this short tutorial we will explain you the easiest way to draw a horse, no matter if you’re a grownup- beginner or a kid that loves to learn out how to draw this magnificent animal. You can play fun pony games and see their artwork. Although we know that more details mean better explanation, we will however try to keep it short and simple. Find out how to draw a horse through these easy steps:
Step 1: Did you ever imagine that two circle shapes will be the beginning of a beautiful artwork? Now, draw 2 circles next to each other with a little bit space between them.Make a light square around them, which will give you the size and the length of the legs.
Step 2: draw a triangle that will be connected to the first circle on the left. This triangle will later present you the neck of the horse. Meanwhile, if you need a break you can play pony online games and then back to work!
Step 3: Put a block at the end of the triangle and another one, a bit smaller, next to the first block. The horse does not stand on his front legs vertically, so take a line slightly leaning back where you will draw a small triangle shape on the bottom. Draw a circle round about a half away down for the joint of the leg. The same applies at the back, so draw a line from the second circle which will come down at an angle and also comes to the bottom creating a small triangle as well.
Step 4: This is the basic shape for your horse, so now it is time to develop and work over it, and thus curve the lines. Start with the head drawing two ears. Then curve the lines of the blocks very slightly. Curve down the neck (the triangle) from both sides to the circle and bring that curve down across the shoulders, round the back and round again to the legs.
Step 5: The top of the legs are powerful for the horse, so bring a curve from around the middle of the circle and bring it down slightly to the curve where the joint will be (the small circle) and round the back of the hoof (small triangle). Do the same for the front part of the leg. That will be the basic leg for the horse. Do the same thing for the back leg. Depending of the breed of the horse, the curve that you will make for the stomach can curve in different ways.
Step 6: To draw the other two legs all you have to do is to imagine the top part of the basic legs as arc that swing through. Spin them round from the point of the joints and draw circles for the other two legs. You must also draw lightly a triangle at the bottom. Bring the front leg forward and finish them little bit shorter than the legs that you draw first.
Final step: Be creative and draw few lines for the tail. Draw a mane , nose and an eye. Outline the horse, but be careful to follow the guide that you already drew, not drawing the outline far away from the shapes. Rub out all shapes that you draw in the inside and erase the guidelines that you made. Shades will give your horse a whole new look, make it more realistic and it will change the meaning of your artwork.
Now that you are all done with the hard work you can treat yourself with cool pony games for kids and enjoy your job well done.
The main goal of this article is to teach and contribute:
Better understanding between man and horse
Better training for horses and riders
Proper treatment to horses
A higher knowledge level of managers and horse trainers
A higher level of safety in training
This is not just theoretical material for educating managers and trainers, but also as additional help and support for trainers that work with beginners in riding schools, as well as current and future competitors.
The goal of this education is theoretical and practical knowledge and straightening the teaching abilities of the horse riding trainers. After the successfully passed theoretical and practical exam, the participants receive a certificate of the level they have achieved, manager or horse trainer. Then when these complete the whole course, they will be qualified to lead the training of new beginners in the riding school and prepare other students for the exams that follow for competitive licensing (license) for horse jumping and endurance riding. After completing the course trainers of various disciplines are qualified to train riders of all ages, up to the highest category of the competition.
The welfare of the horse comes first in all disciplines of equestrian sports no matter what.
The welfare of the horse must be above all other requests of all interested parties and commercial interests.
Every activity and veterinary care must provide health and welfare of the horse.
The highest standards of nutrition, health care, treatment and safety of the horse should be encouraged during all the equestrian sports.
During transportation it should provide appropriate ventilation trailers, feeding and watering horses and maintaining healthy environment.
Good preparation and riding skills are essential for the welfare of the horse.
The horse is a living being and all techniques that are considered to be violent should not be used during the training methods and the riding techniques.
National associations must organize controls in order to verify the compliance of all persons under their jurisdiction.
National and international rules and regulations in equestrian sports, which are about the health and welfare of the horse, must be explicitly appreciated, not only during national and international tournaments, but also during training.
It is very important to know the following facts in order to keep the risk of this sport to the minimum:
Training riders and horses consistently.
Stretching (exercises to relax the muscles).
Avoiding substances that can reduce the reaction skills (alcohol, slipping pills, tranquilizers).
Video games are now one of the most popular forms of entertainment, and a very important economic factor in many countries, because of their economic impact is constantly growing from the 1990s till today. With the improving technology and connectivity devices, it has become possible for a small team of people to develop successful video game.
It has been proved that the creation of video games is one of the most demanding software products. It is necessary to imagine a game, write a script of the story, define the rules, draw pictures and graphics, create models, make sounds and much more. According to this, for making video games it is necessary to create a team of a writer, painter, musician, game designer and programmer. Fortunately, there are different types and sizes of games, so they can develop and play without some of these aspects, and still be fun. This work will be given to major games, but still simple enough that it can be achieved within the drafting work. However, they will not use 3D models, yet only the 2D graphic images.
In this post we will describe the process of making video games from an early stage to its implementation and testing. We will also compare the process of making video games with the development of business applications and notice some important differences. We will describe the business plan and the distribution method at the end of the game. And lets not forget to play virtual pony games.
Video games are a type of games that are played using a computer. Computers can be desktops, game consoles (connected to the TV or portable) and mobile devices. While video games are made by the ancient 1950s, they in fact became popular in the 1990s along the development of the graphical capabilities of your computer.
Video Games Genres
There are various genres of video games, but in this post we will only talk about role-playing games (RPG). These are video games where the player takes the role of a fictional or historical character. This genre is recognizable by the long stories and character development, using the new skills that are obtained by collecting experience (usually in some form of fighting) and advancing through the levels. Because of the appeal of having the progress and improvement of skills, this aspect has spread to almost all other genres of video games. So today we have not only battle games, but sports games too, where the player progresses in, for example, football or race cars and improves its features. This is often used as a technique for keeping the game interesting over time in the form of limiting the possibilities for some moments (for an instance you cannot use a weapon till a certain level) or by setting clearer goals (eg. some tasks require progression in order to be solved). Additional recognition is the length of the game, which is the shortest RPGs about 20 hours (typically 30-40 hours), unlike other genres that last about 5-10 hours.
There are two types of RPGs:
• Western type (Western role-playing game, WRPG) and
• Japanese type (Japanese role-playing game, JRPG).
The difference is in the type of the battle, freedom of the movement and exploration of the environment. In JRPG the characters are generally static and fight using moves and the environment is limited, while in WRPG the battle is more dynamic and there is greater interaction with the environment, with emphasis on its exploration and free movement.
Types of video games in relation to publisher
At the beginning, video games have worked exclusively via the publisher or the client, because the knowledge of making video games was limited to experts. With the advent of new technologies, around 2005, making video games was significantly simplified. It turned out that small teams, in some cases, only one person can make a quality video game. Through standards that have appeared in the web and mobile technologies, a good system has developed for the digital distribution of applications and video games. All this has contributed to the division of types of video games in relation to the publisher. These are:
• AAA video games and
• Independent video games (Indie video games).
AAA video games have a large publisher and are developed by lot of experts, and for the development itself spent a considerable sum of money. Independent video games are developed by a small team of people, have no publisher and they use already existing channels of digital distribution on development platforms. However, the biggest difference is in the quality. It would be expected, as this quality is a priority in AAA video games due to high production, but in short it was shown that the quality depends of the gameplay. AAA video games, mainly because of the large sums of money invested in the development, develop Safe games. They do not change too much the mechanisms of play, or try to add some drastic options. Independent games are however constantly trying to develop something new and often dramatically changing mechanisms or artistic look of the game, because they try to be noticed in the crowd. Today it is considered as the most original games just independently developed games, while AAA games are just different and more expensive editions of the games that we have already seen in some other form. Various elements of successful independent games, later slowly come to life in the AAA games, so you can say that it acts a kind of symbiosis of these types of games, where the independent games try out new opportunities which later are included in the AAA games.
Equine nutrition is not only the most important section in the overall expenses in the breeding process in horses, but the success of the breeder also depends on the food he gives to the horse. This is especially expressed at horses that are bred for achieving high goals. The expenses for this food are much higher, as well in relative and in absolute exports, than in other livestock. However, we can say that equine nutrition which is relatively expensive can be poor, or unbalanced food is even more expensive, because it doesn’t lead to the wanted results.
Breeding horses is based on plant nutrients which these animals, just as the other ruminants, use successfully. Digesting that kind of food, which is in big part inadequate, will place this animal out of the competitive relationship with humans. Thus we get useful job from horses, as well as many products which are essential for humans (meat, bones, livestock manure etc). During the development of the human civilization, the horse had a very important role. Till recently it presented an irreplaceable bond for humans in all segments of life. The products that were obtained by horses had a big role in everyday life. Due to the development of effective mechanization, during the last few decades, the importance of the horse is way smaller than it used to be. That is exactly why the total horse population has significantly decreased. This on the other hand led to changes in the horse’s structure and the goal why they were bred for. Instead for work today horses are mostly used for recreation and as sport horses. Despite all this, horse is still irreplaceable at some terrains and locations.
Recently there was a significant improvement in the area of equine nutrition science. Till recently there were huge procedures for assessment of the nutritive values and norms especially intended for horses. Generally norms were expressed by analogy with cattle. During the last 20 years there are created specific systems for evaluation and norms for the needs of the horses, which indicates the difference between the horses and the ruminants. These systems allow assembling a meal that will be correct and balanced for certain horse breed.
Will the horse achieve its maximum potential depends on the correct nutrition. This includes reproduction, physical development, as well as the ability to perform the work. If the horse doesn’t get a correct meal it will negatively affect its performances. Insufficiently fed horse will consume body reserves and will weaken. On the other hand, if the horse is fed too much, it will increase its body weight, harder works and becomes sluggish.
When fed must be borne in mind that horses are very individual in terms of their needs in nutrients, so all of the above mentioned systems can be considered as basic guidelines for the meal preparation. In practice, each horse deviates more of less from the standards, so a good breeder must take that into account. Horses are very sensitive to changes of certain nutrients in the diet, which can go so far to a point when the horse reacts on same food, which is reared on different location and different conditions.
Proper diet of horses, as with all other domestic animals, means meeting all needs in nutrient substances. Well balanced meal means not only providing certain amount of nutrients, but also a corresponding relationship between them. This ensures that the animal maximize nutrients which it has consumed. In order to achieve this must be taken into account all the specifics of the horse as the breed, and in particular their digestive organs. The efficiency of the nutrients depends on many other factors, such as the breed, conformation and training.
The basics for proper meal for horses must consist the following:
The meal must be sufficient with dry matter and energy.
In the frames of the overall nutritional value of the meal there should be enough proteins according to the horse breed and category it belongs.
The proteins in the meal have to be in accordance with the amino acids, of which we should especially make an accent on the lysine.
In the meal should be present enough mineral substance, especially Ca, P, Na and Cl as well as all the others.
The meal should have enough vitamins.
The meal should be full of flavor, in order to be consumed completely.
The meal should be varied, containing multiple nutrients (at least 3).
The meal should be as simple as possible to serve.
The meal must not contain any harmful or toxic substances.
Within the limits set by the said conditions, the price for the meal should be the lowest possible.
The quality of the nutrients they eat is very important at horses, perhaps more than in other domestic animals. They are particularly vulnerable to bad and spoiled food. The consequences of that food sometimes can be very serious and sometimes even fatal for the animal. Partially spoiled or contaminated food, which ruminants could consume, must not be given to horses. The necessity for providing good and quality food for the horses makes it even more expensive, but the end justifies the means, knowing the value the animal and the result it achieves. Finally, people that are nowadays breeding horses are definitely doing it out of love for this truly remarkable breed of domestic animal, so it is not hard to provide the best food for their companions.
Oh, and horses can be best friends with your other pets too you know and this video is a proof.